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State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Jinzhai Road 96, Hefei, Anhui, P. R. China
P. O.: 230026
Tel: (+86) 551 63601651
Fax: (+86)551 63601669
The Centre for Fire and Explosion Studies, Kingston Universi...
The Centre for Fire and Explosion Studies (CFES) has a sustained record of excellence in research, aiming at improving and promoting a global approach towards fire and explosion research. Recognising that the key to the successful delivery of research contracts is to have first class researchers, CFES aims to attract high quality research students and post-doctoral research fellows and offer them the vigorous training that will provide every single one of them with the head start to a successful and fulfilling career. The mission of CFES is to develop and validate advanced predictive tools for fire and explosion studies, and to promote the application of the predictive tools in design and in the development of prevention/mitigation techniques. During the past years, SKLFS has cooperated with CFES in the project of “Glazing Behavior in a Fire Environment”. This project was led by Kingston University and University of Science and Technology (USTC), which is part of an European Commission 6th Framework Programme. Prof. Jennifer Wen is the scientist in charge at Kingston University, and Prof. Sun Jinhua is the scientist in charge at State Key Laboratory of Fire Science (SKLFS), USTC. Dr. Wang Qingsong, the Asso. Prof. at SKLFS, is the researcher. The three years research project lasted from Sep. 2007 to Nov. 2010, consisting of two phases, incoming and return phases. At the incoming phase, from Sep. 2007 to Sep. 2009, the work was conducted at Kingston University, where the crack initiation and dynamic crack mechanism of glass under thermal loading were investigated. At the return phase, from Sep. 2009 to Nov. 2010, the work was conducted at USTC, and the fracture behaviors of glass under thermal loading were experimentally researched. After three years efforts, the problem of how to predict the crack path was solved and was implemented in the finite element code, and a calculation method for the stress intensity factors near the crack tip
Department of Building Services Engineering, The Hong Kong P...
The overall aim of fire engineering research in the Department of Building Services Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, is to develop a scientific understanding of building fires and to establish an adequate theoretical basis for fire protection engineering for Hong Kong and the Mainland China. This includes the physical and chemical processes of material decomposition, fire ignition, flame properties, thermal radiation, fire spread mechanisms, smoke production and spreading mechanisms. With sound basic principles, the total fire safety concept can be implemented by working out appropriate hardware design on active fire control systems and passive construction elements; and software fire safety management.Research effort was directed on the mathematical modelling of fire for over 20 years. Detailed combustion chemistry is studied for upgrading the model to the post-flashover stage. Fire chemistry in burning poly(methyl methacrylate), poly(vinyl chloride) and polyurethane were studied. The development of a new fire model is in progress with combustion, turbulence and radiation. Different fire zone models were evaluated.Another focused area is on fire suppression system. Sprinkler for new architectural features such as coverage of perimeter zone in an atrium is studied. Effort was made on studying long-throw sprinkler installed at height. New technology of water mist system was studied. Adverse effects of steam production and combustion enhancement were investigated. Bench-scale tests with a cone calorimeter and full-scale burning tests were carried out to study extinguishment chemistry with advanced chemical measuring technique. New areas on Video Detection System, and total flooding gas protection system with clean agent were also investigated. Effect of thermal radiation on extinguishing concentration of heptafluoropropane, suppression chemistry and fire retardants were studied.Advanced topics in fire include studying atrium fires and perfo
Building and Fire Research Portal, NIST
The mission of the building and fire research programs at NIST is to anticipate and meet the measurement science, standards, and technology needs of the U.S. building and fire safety industries in areas of critical national need. Strategic goals include net-zero energy high-performance buildings, advancing infrastructure delivery and improving construction productivity through information integration and automation technologies, sustainable infrastructure materials, innovative fire protection, and disaster-resilient structures and communities, which includes work on hurricanes, earthquakes, and fires. NIST has specific statutory responsibilities for fire prevention and control, earthquake hazards reduction, windstorm impact reduction, and building and fire safety investigations.During 2002-2007, SKLFS cooperated with Building and Fire Research Portal in the research on high-rise building fire safety. In 2011, SKLFS cooperated with Building and Fire Research Portal to apply for Major International (Regional) Joint Research Project entitled "Research on Key Scientific Issues Concerning Wildland-Urban Interface Fire Safety", and has been approved by the National Natural Science Foundation of China. The Abstract of this project is:Nowadays, Wildland-Urban Interface Fire (WUI fire) has become a global serious issue. The project seeks to deeply understand WUI fire behaviors and mechanisms essential for WUI fire safety engineering, by collaborations among State Key Laboratory of Fire Science (China), Chinese Academy of Forestry (China), NIST Engineering Laboratory (USA), Institute of Chemical Kinetics and Combustion (Russia) and Building Material Engineering Laboratory (Japan). It first studies the mechanisms and characteristics of large-scale flame radiation and spot fire in WUI fires. The ignitability of building materials by flame radiatin or fire brands will be then investigated. Further, the glass breakage behaviors by WUI fires and the e
FireSERT, University of Ulster
The Centre for Fire Safety Engineering Research and Technology (FireSERT) combines a multi-disciplinary team of scientists, engineers and psychologists in a unique laboratory facility in Ireland and within the University sector of the UK. The three core areas of current activity in FireSERT are fire dynamics and materials, structural fire engineering, and human behaviour in fire. FireSERT staff have attracted significant project funding from UK research councils, government, the European Union and industry. Externally funded projects are: evacuation and human behaviour in very tall buildings; the safety issues of using hydrogen for replacement of petrol; the design, building safety related to flashover and facade fires, assessment and evaluation of fire safe nanoparticle materials including the potential for nano-engineered materials and the performance of structures (cellular beams) and materials in fire situations. Staff at FireSERT play an active role, both nationally and internationally, having developed extensive links and collaborations with other leading researchers from all over the world including the USA, Europe, Australia and the Far East. Prof. Michael Delichatsios, Director of FireSERT, had successfully been selected as Chinese Academy of Sciences Visiting Professorship for Senior International Scientists of 2009-2010, in order to take cooperative research and exchange for 7 months staying at SKLFS. During October~December 2010, Prof.Delichatisios had finished his first period of visiting time here, gave 3 academic speeches and discussed scientific research with every group of SKLFS. He also had carried out experiment together with Dr. Longhua Hu’s research group on enclosure flame ejection behavior and spill plume characteristics.
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