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Du LC, Qu BJ, Zhang M (2007) Polymer Degradation and Stability 92(3), 497-502.
Date: 2011-08-16   Author: SKLFS  ,   Source: WOS  ,

Du LC, Qu BJ, Zhang M (2007) Thermal properties and combustion characterization of nylon 6/MgAl-LDH nanocomposites via organic modification and melt intercalation. Polymer Degradation and Stability 92(3), 497-502. [In English]

Web link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2006.08.001


layered double hydroxide, nylon 6, melt intercalation, nanocomposite, crystallization, flame retardancy, layered double hydroxide, structural-characterization, silicate, nanocomposites, mechanical-properties, exfoliation, polymerization, clay

Abstract: The nylon 6/MgAl layered double hydroxide (MgAl-LDH) nanocomposites have been prepared by melt intercalation of nylon 6 into the part organic dodecyl sulfate (DS) anion-modified MgAl(H-DS) interlayers. The structures and properties of MgAI(H-DS) and corresponding nanocomposites were characterized by ion chromotography, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetry analysis (TGA), and cone calorimeter test (CCT). The nanoscale dispersion of MgAI(H-DS) layers in the nylon 6 matrix has been verified by the disappearance of d(001) XRD diffraction peak of MgAl(H-DS) and the observation of TEM image. DSC tests evince that these exfoliated MgAl(H-DS) layers play the role of nucleating agents with strong heterogeneous nucleation effect on the crystallization of nylon 6 and increase its crystallization temperature over 12 degrees C with only 5 wt% MgAl(H-DS). TGA tests show that the effect of alkaline catalysis degradation from LDH on nylon 6 decreases the thermal stability of nylon 6/MgAl-LDH nanocomposites. The data from the cone calorimeter tests show that the HRR and MLR values of the sample with 5 wt% MgAI(H-DS) decrease considerably to 664 kW/m(2) and 0.161 g/m(2) s from 1064 kW/m(2) and 0.252 g/m(2) s of pure nylon 6, respectively. This kind of exfoliated nanocomposite is promising for the application of flame-retardant polymeric materials. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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