Wang QS, Ping P, Sun JH, Chen CH (2011a) Cresyl diphenyl phosphate effect on the thermal stabilities and electrochemical performances of electrodes in lithium ion battery. Journal of Power Sources 196(14), 5960-5965. [In English]
Web link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.12.051
Lithium ion battery, Thermal behavior, C80 micro calorimeter, Cresyl, diphenyl phosphate, behavior, electrolytes, cells
Abstract: To improve the safety of lithium ion battery, cresyl diphenyl phosphate (COP) is used as a flame-retardant additive in a LiPF6 based electrolyte. The electrochemical performances of LiCoO(2)/CDP-electrolyte/Li and Li/CDP-electrolyte/C half cells are evaluated. The thermal behaviors of Li(0.5)CoO(2) and Li(0.5)CoO(2)-CDP-electrolyte, and Li(x)C(6) and Li(x)C(6)-CDP-electrolyte are examined using a C80 micro-calorimeter. For the LiCoO(2)/CDP-electrolyte/Li cells, the onset temperature of single Li(0.5)CoO(2) is put off and the heat generation is decreased greatly except the one corresponding to 5% CDP-containing electrolyte. When Li(0.5)CoO(2) coexists with CDP-electrolyte, the thermal stability is enhanced. COP improves the thermal stability of lithiated graphite anode effectively and the addition of 5% CDP inhibits the decomposition of solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) films significantly. The electrochemical tests on LiCoO(2)/CDP-electrolyte/Li and Li/CDP-electrolyte/C cells show that when less than 15% COP is added to the electrolyte, the electrochemical performances are not worsen too much. Therefore, the addition of 5-15% COP to the electrolyte almost does not worsen the electrochemical performance of LiCoO(2) cathode and graphite anode, and improves theirs thermal stability significantly, thus, it is a possible choice for electrolyte additive. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V.