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W. Z. Xu, L. Liu, S. Q. Wang and Y. Hu (2015) Journal Of Applied Polymer Science 132 10.
Date: 2016-02-25   Author: SKLFS   Source: SKLFS   Keywords: composites; flame; foams; polyurethanes; retardance; THERMAL-DEGRADATION; MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES; FIRE BEHAVIOR; POLYLACTIDE; COMPOSITES
 

W. Z. Xu, L. Liu, S. Q. Wang and Y. Hu (2015) Synergistic effect of expandable graphite and aluminum hypophosphite on flame-retardant properties of rigid polyurethane foam. Journal/Journal Of Applied Polymer Science 132 10. [In English]
Web link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.42842
Keywords: composites; flame; foams; polyurethanes; retardance; THERMAL-DEGRADATION; MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES; FIRE BEHAVIOR; POLYLACTIDE; COMPOSITES; HALOGEN-FREE; PARTICLES; TEREPHTHALATE); POLYPHOSPHATE; COMBUSTION; PHOSPHORUS
Abstract: A series of flame retarding rigid polyurethane foam (RPUF) composites based on expandable graphite (EG) and aluminum hypophosphite (AHP) were prepared by the one-pot method. The properties were characterized by limiting oxygen index (LOI) test, cone calorimeter test, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), real-time Fourier transform-infrared spectra (RT-FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), etc. The results indicate that both EG and AHP could enhance the flame retardency of RPUF composites. Besides, the flame retardant effect of EG was better than that of AHP. The results also show that partial substitution of EG with AHP could improve the flame retardency of RPUF, and EG and AHP presented an excellent synergistic effect on flame retardancy. What is more, compared with RPUF/20EG and RPUF/20AHP, the heat release rate (HRR) and total heat release (THR) of RPUF/15EG/5AHP were lower. TGA results indicate that partial substitution of EG with AHP could improve the char residue which provided better flame retardancy for RPUF composites. The thermal degradation process of RPUF composites and the chemical component of the char residue were investigated by RT-FT-IR and XPS. And the results prove that RPUF/15EG/5AHP had higher heat resistance in the later stage. Compared with the RPUF composites filled with EG, a better cell structure and mechanical properties were observed with the substitution of AHP for part of EG. (C) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


 

 
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