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Yang D, Hu LH, Jiang YQ, Huo R, Zhu S, Zhao XY (2010b) Fire Safety Journal 45(5), 298-313.
Date: 2011-08-14   Author: SKLFS   Source: WOS
 

Yang D, Hu LH, Jiang YQ, Huo R, Zhu S, Zhao XY (2010b) Comparison of FDS predictions by different combustion models with measured data for enclosure fires. Fire Safety Journal 45(5), 298-313. [In English]

Web link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2010.06.002

Keywords:

FDS; Enclosure fire; Combustion model; Heat release rate; CO yield; GER; large-eddy simulation; jet diffusion flames; compartment fires; carbon-monoxide; turbulent combustion; pdf calculations; extinction

Abstract: The performance of mixture fraction models FDS4 and FDS5 is investigated under different global equivalence ratios (GER). Predictions of heat release rate (HRR), upper-layer temperature, and CO yield are compared with measurements considering their sensitivities to the lower limit of fuel, mixing time scale, and turbulence model constants. When using FDS4, the inclusion of an extinction model can result in significant variations in both total and volumetric HRR prediction. When using FDS5, the mixing model constant has significant effects on volumetric HRR prediction. At low GER (< 0.23). the prediction of upper-layer temperature shows dependency on both the lower fuel limit and the mixing model constant, but the predicted temperature is always lower than measured temperature, with deviations in excess of 30%. At higher GER (0.53 < GER < 0.81), the upper-layer temperature prediction shows significant dependency on the mixing model constant but can be over-predicted, with deviations up to 24%. The variations of CO yield prediction with lower fuel limit or with the mixing model constant show an opposite trend to that of upper-layer temperature. Furthermore, the prediction of CO yield shows a much greater dependency on the Smagorinsky constant and on the turbulent Schmidt number than do those of HRR and upper-layer temperature. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

 
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