Yang R, Weng WG, Fan WC, Wang YS (2005) Subgrid scale laminar flamelet model for partially premixed combustion and its application to backdraft simulation. Fire Safety Journal 40(2), 81-98. [In English]
LES; laminar flamelet model; partially premixed combustion; backdraft; large-eddy simulations; nonpremixed turbulent combustion; gravity; currents; compartment fires; reacting flows; water mist; mitigation; diffusion; chemistry; transport;
Abstract: Flame spread after air is suddenly introduced to a vitiated compartment in backdraft is between non-premixed and premixed flame spread under a ventilation-controlled condition. And it is necessary, but difficult to numerically simulate it. In this paper, an attempt of backdraft simulation is introduced. Numerical models including a subgrid scale laminar flamelet model and a partially premixed model are imbedded in FDS3.0 source code for backdraft simulation. Some significant fire characteristics reported in previous backdraft experiments can be seen in the numerical results. It is also indicated that these combined models can be used to predict the partially premixed combustion and fire phenomena under ventilation-controlled conditions. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.