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State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Jinzhai Road 96, Hefei, Anhui, P. R. China
 
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Selected Publications of LIU Naian
 
Invited speeches
  1. Liu N. A., Large fire events and their challenges to fire services, Invited Plenary lecture in Seventh International Seminar on Fire and Explosion Hazards, to be held in Providence, RI, USA, May 5 – 10, 2013.

  2. Oleg Korobeinichev, Alexander Paletsky, Munko Gonchikzhapov, Inna Shundrina, Haixiang Chen and Naian Liu, Combustion chemistry and decomposition kinetics of forest fuels, Invited Lecture, 9th Asia-Oceania Symposium for Fire Science and Technology, Hefei, China, Oct. 2012.

  3. Liu N.A. and Liu Q., Interactions among Multiple Fires: Correlation Analysis on Burning rate with Physical Interpretation, Invited Lecture on The Third International Symposium on Wind and Fire, Beijing, 2011.

  4. Liu N.A. and Liu Q., Experimental Research on Multiple Fires Burning: New Method of Correlation Analysis and Interpretation, Invited Lecture, 8th Asia-Oceania Symposium for Fire Science and Technology, Melbourne, Australia, Dec. 2010. 

  5. Liu N. A. and Chen H. X. Two-Step Kinetic Models for Thermal Decomposition of Forest Combustibles: Three Kinetic Schemes, Invited lecture in 7th Asia-Oceania Symposium on Fire Science & Technology, 20-22 September, 2007. 

  6. Fan W. C.; Liu N. A.; Chen H. X.; Progress of Fundamental Fire Research in China, Plenary Lecture in 8th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, Beijing, 2005.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.8-69 

  7. Liu N. A. Experimental and Theoretical Investigation on Fire Interactions and the Induced Firewhirls in Square Fire Arrays, Invited lecture, Proceedings of Fifth NRIFD International Symposium on Forest Fires, Mitaka, Tokyo, Nov. 2005, pp.293-301. 

Journal Publications (* Corresponding author)

  1. Liu N.A.*; Liu Q.; et al. Multiple fire interactions: A further investigation by burning rate data of square fire arrays. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 2012, 34: in press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2012.06.098 

  2. Zhou K. B.; Liu N.A.* ; et al. Effect of flow circulation on combustion dynamics of fire whirl. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 2012, 34: in press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2012.06.053 

  3. Lei J.; Liu N.A.* ; et al. Experimental research on flame revolution and precession of fire whirls. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 2012, 34: in press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2012.06.126 

  4. YinP.; LiuN.A.*; et al. New Correlation Between Ignition Time and Moisture Content for Pine Needles Attacked by Firebrands. Fire Technology, 2012, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10694-012-0272-y 

  5. Lei, J.; Liu N.A.* ; et al. Burning rates of liquid fuels in fire whirls. Combustion and Flame, 2012, 159(6): 2104-2114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2012.01.019 

  6. Lei J.; Liu N.A.*; Zhang L. H.; Chen H. X.; Shu L. F.; Chen P.; Deng Z. H.; Zhu J. P.; Satoh K.; de Ris John L. Experimental Research on Combustion Dynamics of Medium-scale Fire Whirl. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 2011, 33: 2407-2415. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2010.06.009 

  7. Liu N.A.*; Liu Q.; Lozano Jesse S.; Shu L.; Zhang L.; Zhu J.; Deng Z.; Satoh K.; Global burning rate of square fire arrays: Experimental correlation and interpretation. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 2009, 32:2519-2526. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2008.06.086 

  8. Liu N.A.*; Liu, Q.; Deng, Z. H.; Kohyu S.; Zhu J. P.; Burn-out time data analysis on interaction effects among multiple fires in fire arrays. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 2007, 31:2589-2597.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2006.08.110 

  9. Dai J.; Liu N. A*. and Shu L., Applicability of bi-pseudo component separated-stage model for decomposition of lignocellulosic materials in air at multiple heating rates. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2011: 104(3): p. 983-990. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-010-1237-3 

  10. Han Y.; Chen H. and Liu N. A.*, New incremental isoconversional method for kinetic analysis of solid thermal decomposition. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2011. 104(2): p. 679-683. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-010-1029-9 

  11. Chen, H. X.; Liu, N. A.; Chow, W. K., Wind tunnel tests on compartment fires with crossflow ventilation. J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn. 2011, 99, (10), 1025-1035. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jweia.2011.07.006 

  12. Chen H.X.; Zhao W.T.; Liu N.A.; Thermal Analysis and Decomposition Kinetics of Chinese Forest Peat under Nitrogen and Air Atmospheres. Energy & Fuels, 2011. 25: 797-803. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef101155n 

  13. Chen H.X.; Liu N.A.; and Zhao W.T., Critical study on the identification of reaction mechanism by the shape of TG/DTG curves. Solid State Sciences, 2010. 12(4): 455-460. 

  14. Liu N. A.; Chen H. X.; et al. New Method for Kinetic Analysis of Decomposition of Biomass Materials-Based on Critical Analysis of Moll Method. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 2009, 114(1): 524-530. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.30510 

  15. Chen H. X.; Liu N. A.*; New Approximate Formula for the Generalized Temperature Integral. AIChE Journal 2009, 55(7): 1766-1770. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.11775 

  16. Chen H. X.; Liu N. A.*; New approximate formulae for the generalized temperature integral. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 2009, 96(1): 175-178. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-008-9388-1 

  17. Chen H. X.; Liu N. A.; Application of Non-Arrhenius Equations in Interpreting Calcium Carbonate Decomposition Kinetics: Revisited. Journal of the American Ceramic Society 2009, 93(2): 548-553. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2009.03421.x 

  18. Chen H. X.; Liu N. A.; Chow, W. K.; Wind effects on smoke motion and temperature of ventilation-controlled fire in a two-vent compartment. Building and Environment 2009, 44(12): 2521-2526. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2009.04.008 

  19. Huang H.; Ooka R.; Liu N. A.;Zhang, L. H.; Deng, Z. H.; Kato, S.; Experimental study of fire growth in a reduced-scale compartment under different approaching external wind conditions. Fire Safety Journal 2009, 44(3): 311-321. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2008.07.005 

  20. Zhao W. T.; Chen H. X.; Liu N. A.; Characteristics and Kinetics of Forest Peat Pyrolysis. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica 2009, 25(9): 1756-1762. 

  21. Shan Y. L.; Liu, N. A.*; Shu L. F.; Flammability ranking of foliage species by factor analysis of physical and chemical pyric properties. Fire and Materials, 2008, 32:371-382. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fam.974 

  22. Chen H. X.; Liu, N. A.*; Approximations for the temperature integral-Their underlying relationship. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2008, 92:573-578. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-007-8358-3 

  23. Chen H. X.; Liu, N. A.*; Approximation expressions for the temperature integral. Progress in Chemistry,2008, 20: 1015-1020. 

  24. Chen H. X.; Liu N. A.*; A procedure to approximate the generalized temperature integral. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2007, 90:449-452. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-006-7942-2 

  25. Zong R. W.; Hu Y.; Liu N.A.; Li S.; Liao G. X.; Investigation of thermal degradation and flammability of polyamide-6 and polyamide-6 nanocomposites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2007, 104:2297-2303.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.25691 

  26. Chen H. X.; Liu N.A.*; New procedure for derivation of approximations for temperature integral. AIChE Journal, 2006, 52:4181-4185.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.11028 

  27. Chen H. X.; Liu N. A.*; Fan W. C.; A new method to explain the model dependence of apparent activation energy derived from a single nonisothermal dynamic curve. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2006, 91:1726-1730. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2005.12.007 

  28. Chen H. X.; Liu N. A.*; Fan W. C.; Two-step consecutive reaction model of biomass thermal decomposition by DSC. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2006, 22:786-790. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1872-1508(06)60031-4 

  29. Chen H. X.; Liu N. A.*; Fan W. C.; Two-step consecutive reaction model and kinetic parameters relevant to the decomposition of Chinese forest fuels. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2006, 102:571-576. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.24310 

  30. Liu N. A.*; Chen H. X.; Shu L. F.; Yao B.; Error Evaluation of Integral Methods by Consideration on the Approximation of Temperature Integral, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2005, 81:99-105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-005-0751-1 

  31. Zong R. W.; Wang Z. Z.; Liu N. A. et al.; Thermal Degradation Kinetics of Polyethylene and Silane- Crosslinked Polyethylene, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2005, 98:1172-1179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.22124 

  32. Zong R. W.; Hu Y.; Liu N. A. et al.; Evaluation of the thermal degradation of PC/ABS/ montmorillonite nanocomposites, Polymers for Advanced Technologies, 2005, 16:725-731. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pat.651 

  33. Chen H. X.; Liu N. A.*; et al.;Error of kinetic parameters for one type of integral method for thermogravimetric measurements, Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2005, 90:132-135. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2005.03.004 

  34. Liu N.A.*; Chen H. X.; Shu L. F.; Zong R. W.; Milt STATHEROPOULOS; Gaussian Smoothing Strategy of Thermogravimetric Data of Biomass Materials in Air Atmosphere, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2004, 43:4087-4096. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie049932s 

  35. Chen H. X.; Liu N. A.*; et al. Smoothing and Differentiation of Thermogravimetric Data of Biomass Materials, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2004, 78:1029-1041. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-004-0468-6 

  36. Liu N. A. *; Zong R. W.; Shu L. F.; Fan W. C.; Zhou J. J.; Kinetic Compensation Effect in Thermal Decomposition of Cellulosic Materials in Air Atmosphere, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2003, 89:135-141. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.12132 

  37. Liu N. A.*; Fan W. C.; Dobashi R.; Huang L. S.; Kinetic Modeling of Thermal Decomposition of Natural Cellulosic Materials in Air Atmosphere, Journal of Applied and Analytical Pyrolysis, 2002, 63:303-325. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-2370(01)00161-9 

  38. Liu N. A.*; Fan W. C.; Dobashi R.; Lin Q. Z.; New Mass Loss Kinetic Model for Thermal Decomposition Of Biomass, Chinese Science Bulletin, 2001, 46:1398-1402. 

  39. Zhou J. J.; Zou Y. H.; Xu Y. H.; Liu N. A.; Control of One Kind of Nonlinear Parabolic Distributed Parameter System with Moving Boundary, Computational Mechanics, 2001, 27:311-316. 

  40. Liu N. A.; Fan W. C.; Critical Consideration on the Freeman and Carroll Methods for Evaluating Global Mass Loss Kinetics of Polymer Thermal Degradation, Thermochimica Acta, 1999, 338 (1/2):85-94.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0040-6031(99)00197-5 

  41. Liu N. A.; Fan W. C.; The Kinetic Methods for which No Assumption about the Order of Reaction is Needed, Fire and Materials, 1998, 22:219-220.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1018(199809/10)22:5<219::AID-FAM656>3.0.CO;2-F 

  42. Liu N. A.; Fan W. C.; Modelling the Thermal Decompositions of Wood and Leaves Under a Nitrogen Atmosphere, Fire and Materials, 1998, 22:103-108. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1018(1998050)22:3<103::AID-FAM638>3.0.CO;2-G 

 Selected conference papers

  1. Zhou K.; Liu N. A.* ;Satoh K. Experimental Research on Burning Rate, Vertical Velocity and Radiation of Medium-Scale Fire Whirls, Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, June, 2011, Maryland University, USA, pp. 681-691. http://dx.doi.org/10.3801/IAFFS.FSS.10-681 

  2. Satoh K.; Liu N. A.* ; Xie X.; Zhou K.; Chen H.;Wu J.;Lei J.;Lozano J. CFD Study of Huge Oil Depot Fires - Generation of Fire Merging and Fire Whirl in Arrayed Oil Tanks, Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Fire Safety Science,June, 2011, Maryland University, USA, pp. 693-705. http://dx.doi.org/10.3801/IAFFS.FSS.10-693 

  3. Satoh K.; Liu N.A.*; Liu, Q.; Yang, K. T.; Preliminary study of fire spread in cities and forests, using PMMA specimen as a fuel in CFD simulations. Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 2010, New York: Amer Soc Mechanical Engineers. 63-71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2009-10037 

  4. Satoh K.; Liu N. A.; Liu Q.; Yang K. T.; (2009). Numerical and experimental study of fire whirl generated in 15 x 15 square array fires placed in cross wind. New York, Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2008-66865 

  5. Satoh K.; Liu, N. A.; Liu Q.; Yang K. T.; Numerical and experimental study of merging fires in square arrays. Volume 8 PART A. New York, NY 10016-5990, United States: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2008:461-472. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2007-43220 

  6. Chen H.; Liu N.A.; Zhang L.; Deng Z.; Huang H.; Experimental Study on Cross-ventilation Compartment Fire in the Wind Environment. Proceedings of 9th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, Karlsruhe, Germany, Sep 21-26, 2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-907 

  7. K. Satoh; Liu N. A.; Zhu J. P.; Yang K. T.; Experiments and Analysis of Interaction among Multiple Fires in Equidistant Fire Arrays, 2005 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, July 17-22, 2005, San Francisco, California, USA. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/HT2005-72494 

  8. Liu N. A.*; Wang B. H.; Fan W. C.; Kinetic Compensation Effect in the Thermal Decomposition of Biomass in Air Atmosphere, Proceedings of 7th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, pp.581-593, Worcester, USA, June 19-26, 2002. http://dx.doi.org/10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.7-581 

  9. Satoh K.; Liu N. A.; Shinohara M.; Yang K. T.; Large-scale Laboratory Fire Whirls and Their Numerical Simulations, Heat Transfer Meeting, Ohmiya, Japan, May 2001, pp. 117-118. 

  10. Liu N. A.; Fan W. C.; Lin Q. Z.; Thermogravimetric Analysis on Global Mass Loss Kinetics in Air of Masson Pine (Pinus assoniana), Proceedings of 2000 China-Japan Joint Symposium on Green Science and Technology, pp 295-304, China, 2000.

  11. Liu N. A.*; Fan W. C.; New Kinetic Method for Analyzing the Thermogravimetric Data of Solid Materials, the Second Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, Proceedings of the Second Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion: National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, May 9 - 12, 1999.

 
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